The new Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA)
The new Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) is an international airport located at Temon district of Kulon Progo Regency, in Java, Indonesia. The airport is situated around 45 kilometers from the city of Yogyakarta, which serves the Yogyakarta Special Region. The driving distance between Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) to Yogyakarta city is 42 km. It takes approximately 1 hour and 30 min to drive from Yogyakarta Airport (YIA) to Yogyakarta city by car.
The new Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) replaces Adisutjipto International Airport which is no longer able to accommodate passenger and aircraft capacity.
The new Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) in Kulon Progo is an iconic structure that blends traditional Javanese arts and cultural elements with modern designs. The airport’s roof is a complex architecture design inspired by the traditional Indonesian Batik Kawung motif, while its underpass walls feature images of the Gerak Gumerah, Jathilan, and Angguk Putri folk dancers. Inside, YIA is home to an impressive collection of art and sculptures by 46 local artisans, installed throughout its atriums, terminals, and corridors.
The new airport is anticipated to accommodate twenty million passengers annually upon completion. The airport is equipped with an early detection system for earthquakes, tsunamis and extreme weather events. It can withstand an earthquake with a magnitude of up to 8.8 on the Richter scale and a 12-m-high tidal wave because the airport is not far from the beach.
The airport was developed in two phases. In the first phase of development, the airport will have a terminal area of 130,000 square meters with a capacity of up to 15 million passengers per year. The total land area of the airport is about 645 hectares. The airport runway has dimensions of 3,250 x 45 meters and can serve even wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 777 and the Airbus A380. In the second phase of development, the new airport terminal will be developed to 195,000 square meters that can accommodate up to 20 million passengers per year. The length of the runway will be extended by 3250 meters to 3,600 x 45 meters wide with an apron where up to 45 aircraft can be parked.
Future plans also include to turn the airport land into an airport city integrated with industrial and tourism areas. The airport is designed to be resistant to earthquakes measuring up to 8.8 on the Richter magnitude scale as it was constructed in an earthquake-prone area, and will be equipped with tsunami mitigation facilities. At present part of the terminal, about 129,000-square-meter is completed and used. When completed the terminal will spread over 210,000 sqm. There will be three islands of check-in counters, with 32 counters in each of the islands. Parts of the airport feature local traditional artwork and local wisdoms, represented by the Jasmine flower and Wijayakusuma (Epiphyllum oxypetalum), designed by local artists.